The solution is as easy as 1, 2, 3 ...
Did you know... Income tax does not pay for any government services?
Eventually, a critical mass of people will form and take care of their problem of being slaves (yes, people forced to pay taxes are slaves. It's even withheld from you in advance, just like a slave, because it's not your property and you can't be trusted to return it).
Those responsible for the enslavement of the people with this tax-scam-system will be arrested, and served justice.
Everyone who takes part in treason has a name and address and there will be nowhere to hide from millions of angry, former slaves, who are seeking the return of their property.
While you wait for a critical mass to be reached, you can do some data mining to see what other laws our servants have been breaking, and fabricating. You can expose the corruption and Color of law you find in other Titles by making a website and telling others about your data mining results.
sure to search corresponding regulations of the Titles you choose. For example, in tax law,
Americans who do not read their tax laws must be educated with actual written code, not with spoken assumptions made by judges who pretend that "Exempt income" isn't legally defined. Our laws are not passed down verbally, our laws are written. Read what they actually say.
You can also download this website (version 3.2) then re-serve it, or re-word it, or re-do it, whatever, on your own website or blog.
Every citizen has a duty to know the law and should because it takes a village to catch all of the bad guys who act under color of law and steal our money.
Not every country has freedom of speech.
Do your duty, make a speech.
Evil continues when the good do nothing, right?
What else should People know?
Jury nullification. A critical right.
"you have nevertheless a right to take upon yourselves to judge of both, and to determine the law as well as the fact in controversy... it is presumed, that juries are the best judges of facts; it is, on the other hand, presumbable (sic), that the court are the best judges of the law. But still both are lawfully, within your power of decision."
Wikipedia: Jury Nullification
It's true, judges do not have to instruct you (tell you) that you even have this right. But even today's legal dictionaries admit jury nullification is a fact.
Have you been called to Jury Duty?
Learn what you can expect, and learn some history about juries before you go to court. See Fully Informed Jury Association and google jury nullification. The good news is that jurors cannot be punished for their verdicts, and you do not have to give any reason for your decision. The bad news is that you will not even get on the jury if you seem familiar with politics, law, rights, or jury nullification. Pretending to be ignorant may actually get you on the jury. However, you should know that judges are allowed to kick you off the jury if they find out from others in the jury that you intend to exercise your right to nullify.
Why is Jury Nullification a Right?
Every journalism student will learn of the trial of John Zenger, in which the jury was actually informed of their right to jury nullification. However, the journalists are too interested now in their own financial security to report about this right.
Today, the entire system has been corrupted. Your right to jury nullification is now equated with drugs, tax pro-testers, gun owners, and abortion foes. Notice anything in common, and did you notice in the last link - at least three states have Jury Nullification written in their Constitutions, but instead are told the practice fell into disfavor, because it is frowned upon and ruffles the robes of the Supremes.
Jury Nullification is a right, only you aren't told you have this right. The system for which your fathers sacrificed themselves has been hijacked by men in black robes, and by those who prefer paramilitary dress and force. (Of course, bad guys always dress in black)
Who pays a tax judge? Who pays the prosecutor? Isn't there a conflict of interest? Why would either risk their security, or their system? Can this ever be fair?
Judges instruct juries, but a juror needs to keep in mind - if it's not written in Code, it's just rhetoric of the court. The Code is the law, a judges opinion is not. Even if it is written in the Code, and the jury doesn't like it, the jury can still toss it in the trash - using jury nullification.
"How terrible it will be for you experts in the law. You have taken away the key to knowledge. You didn't go in yourselves, and you kept out those who were trying to go in." - Luke 11:52 ISV
Attorneys & Clients
Who does your attorney really work for?
Source: Corpus Juris Secundum, Attorney & Client, Vol. 7 Sec. 3, p. 666-667, © 2004 Thomson West. An encyclopledia of American law ("how certain ideas have been applied in case law."):
Preserve whose system? Attorneys who do not co-operate are fined, sanctioned, and face disbarment for not fulfilling their first duty. You, the client, will forever be second.
Right to a 'fair' trial? ... Pfff, Where?
Without a well-informed jury, aware of its jury nullification rights, so-called 'offenders' are quickly sent to prison by a well-organized (crime) system. Whose system is preserved?
Notice, every state constitution says government power is derived from the people. This system really belongs to us.
A New Improved Order
The actual solution requires an "open source" code fix. This means an update to our entire constitutional system, beginning with a re-Declaration of Independence and updating code in the Constitution and Bill of Rights. The country's current code has been hacked and hijacked by an organized-crime system. We need the proper code patches to preserve freedom for the People.
An Open Source team of system designers, historians, constitutional experts, even including everyone on the planet with an Internet connection, could identify the bugs and update the code in the Constitution and Bill of Rights, and all of the Titles of Law.
Imagine if the Founding Fathers had the benefit of millions of people to identify the weaknesses in their 'code.' The benefit of an open source project is the many eyeballs focusing on and identifying the ever present flaws that lurk in every system.
The open source end-result would be a system which any country could adopt if they wanted to keep out system viruses, spyware (usually government officials and their owners), and design errors. This solution, "A New Improved Order," which would be based on the US Constitution would have a goal of complete de-centralization of power.
Our country was probably subverted not too long after, or maybe even before, it began. But some very wise system designers knew that subvertion was a natural occurrence and were able to secure, in writing, essential Rights (Amendments), including Freedom of Speech, to expose 'leaders' who didn't obey the law.
Notice, some of the designers gave us a Bill of Rights because they felt the Constitution was still too friendly towards centralization of power (think of tyrants, or in modern-times, think of hidden back doors in your operating system).
Unfortunately, many of our fellow countrymen are easy pushovers and are willing to give up their rights. This includes a large majority of the population, and probably always will, because human beings are primarily herd animals. Too bad. (Note, U.S. is a republic, "for which it stands." We would have never stood this long as a democracy)
The following is just a short description of the problem...
Benjamin Franklin acted as an agent for Pennsylvania, Georgia, New Jersey, and Massachusetts. In 1757 (and again in 1764), he went to England and lived there for several years. To find out more about Benjamin Franklin, and to read his autobiography, here is a good collection - http://tigger.uic.deu/~rjensen/franklin.htm
While Franklin was in England, officials at the Bank of London asked him what he thought was the reason for the success of the colony.
The bankers apparently didn't like the colonies printing their own interest free money, because the British Parliament quickly passed the Currency Act in 1764. The act prohibited colonial officials from issuing their own money. Colonies were ordered to pay future taxes in gold or silver coins.
"In one year, the conditions were so reversed that the era of prosperity ended, and a depression set in, to such an extent that the streets of the Colonies were filled with unemployed."
Franklin claims this was the real cause for the War of Independence.
"The colonies would gladly have borne the little tax on tea and other matters had it not been that England took away from the colonies their money, which created unemployment and dissatisfaction. The inability of the colonists to get power to issue their own money permanently out of the hands of George III and the international bankers was the prime reason for the Revolutionary War."
Evidently, Franklin had enough of the British. In May of 1775, Franklin returned to Philadelphia and joined up with the Continental Congress.
Taxation had drained the colonies of gold and silver. When the war started, the colonies again started printing fiat money to pay for it. At the beginning of the war, the 'US' had 12 million dollars, but by the end of the war it had 500 million dollars. Common items became priced at thousands of dollars. Printing too much currency had decreased it's value.
Fiat money worked previously, but only when it was issued in the amounts needed to run commerce.
The Federal Reserve tries to manage the money supply with interest rates, in order to stem the peaks and valleys of the cycle (or moneymen harvesting their crop?).
"first by inflation, then by deflation, the banks and corporations... will deprive the people of all their property, until their children will wake up homeless on the continent their fathers occupied."
The Federal Reserve was created in 1913 and sold on Americans as a governmental control tool over the bankers. However, it was really used as a tool for the bankers.
Income Tax Does Not Pay
If income tax does not pay for government services, which taxes do? What is the real purpose of the Income Tax?
Were there any defenders of freedom?
The father of the famous flyer Lindbergh was a government official in the House of Representatives. He was Rep. Charles A. Lindbergh and saw this was a tax scam, called it a scam, and warned us that we would be enslaved (taxwise, currently, thats 1/4 to 1/2 slave and growing towards a European-like 60%).
"Those not favorable to the money trust could be squeezed out of business and the people frightened into demanding changes in the banking and currency laws which the Money Trust would frame." -- "From now on, depressions will be scientifically planned and created."
Evidently, the money trust gained control. The big question - why were all the other politicians so silent, and why do they remain so silent today? (All government officials will ignore specific tax questions, or pass them on to the IRS where they also ignore them. They even call the use of their own rules frivolous, but Florida doesn't seem to have that problem.) Haven't all government officials pledged their allegiance to the Republic for which it stands?
Apparently, government officials (politicians) have bilked and sold out their own neighbors. A conspiracy, and treason, which continues today, almost 100 years after being warned by Lindbergh. We must pay interest on the creation and lending of money. The income taxes are used to pay this interest. And, it is the slaves which Lindbergh spoke of that pay the interest. This is the same condition in which the Colonies lost power to issue their own printed money that, according to Ben Franklin, brought us to Revolution.
(And here are a few videos you may find interesting - about attacks, war, lies and death.)
Today, Internet sales are tax free. Out-of-state purchases have always been tax free, but 43 states want to tax out-of-state Internet sales. As before, it will start voluntarily, then become, legally or illegally, a mandatory tax.
"The proposal is for the new system to initially be voluntary. 'So (unless) Congress were to act and make this mandatory, there would be no penalties,' says Peterson. But there's a plus for businesses who do adopt the software. The states say the electronic system is so good, they'll designate participating businesses 'audit proof'."
And so, a carrot is held out to persuade business owners to become 'audit proof.'
Gold and silver is seen as the answer, and this may be, especially if the following is accurate...
“The abandonment of the gold standard made it possible for the welfare statists to use the banking system as a means to an unlimited expansion of credit…In the absence of the gold standard, there is no way to protect savings from confiscation through inflation. There is no safe store of value.... Deficit spending is simply a scheme for the “hidden” confiscation of wealth…[Gold] stands as a protector of property rights.”
"If one understands that socialism is not a share-the-wealth program, but is in reality a method to consolidate and control the wealth, then the seeming paradox of super-rich men promoting socialism becomes no paradox at all. Instead, it becomes logical, even the perfect tool of power-seeking megalomaniacs. Communism, or more accurately, socialism, is not a movement of the downtrodden masses, but of the economic elite."
It's suspicious that the Federal Reserve came into existence in the same year as the Income Tax in 1913:
"Examining the organization and function of the Federal Reserve Banks... we conclude that the federal reserve are not federal ... but are independent and privately owned and controlled corporations... federal reserve banks are listed neither as 'wholly owned' government corporations [under 31 USC Section 846] nor as 'mixed ownership' corporations [under 31 USC Section 856]"
Evidently, the money men have been at it for awhile...
"I believe that banking institutions are more dangerous to our liberties than standing armies".
President Reagan also knew that concentrated powers were enslaving us.
What do other government officials say in public?
If true, we've got trouble.
If true, UP THEIR'S, we must destroy the United Nations, abolish the Fed and stop the IMF.
Real Americans would also find and catch all of the bad guys, imprison them, and get all of their money back, all 90 years worth of "income tax" - with interest. Then, real Americans would abolish this form of slavery, making sure it couldn't happen again.
A system re-design is in order, involving some code updates, but primarily following what is already written in the Constitution (there's alot of good code in there).
An 'Open Source' group of system analysts and designers, working with teams of historians and constitutional law experts, etc, could put together a stronger, longer lasting system.
How can an evil, slave-making force be stopped?
1. Good vs Evil
2. Get Educated, Ignorance is Curable
3. Speak the Truth, Live by the Truth.
Show others how to search. If you find something important, tell others. Start a website, it's easy to do. And, as difficult as it may be, try to make your explanations easy enough for a child to understand, they will be the future slaves.
“You need only reflect that one of the best ways to get yourself a reputation as a dangerous citizen these days is to go about repeating the very phrases which our founding fathers used in the struggle for independence.”
The phrases have no value if they are unknown. They must be repeated often.
Don't bother telling your local, regional, or national news of your important information. They just make the news, they don't report it. And, they'll just sit on the info. Report your own info, on the Internet.
“In March, 1915, the J.P. Morgan interests, the steel, shipbuilding, and powder interest, and their subsidiary organizations, got together 12 men high up in the newspaper world and employed them to select the most influential newspapers in the United States and sufficient number of them to control generally the policy of the daily press....They found it was only necessary to purchase the control of 25 of the greatest papers. An agreement was reached; the policy of the papers was bought, to be paid for by the month; an editor was furnished for each paper to properly supervise and edit information regarding the questions of preparedness, militarism, financial policies, and other things of national and international nature considered vital to the interests of the purchasers.”
We don't know if the two quotes above are accurate, but their information coincides with our experience and troubles getting media attention on the income tax data-mining results.
However, this quote is accurate, and freely confessed by this traitor...
"Some even believe we are part of a secret cabal working against the best interests of the United States, characterizing my family and me as 'internationalists' and of conspiring with others around the world to build a more integrated global political and economic structure - one world, if you will. It that's the charge, I stand guilty, and I am proud of it."
Here are some more famous quotes...
"... whenever the Legislators endeavour to take away, and destroy the Property of the People, or to reduce them to Slavery under Arbitrary Power, they put themselves into a state of War with the People, who are thereupon absolved from any farther Obedience ... [Power then] devolves to the People, who have a Right to resume their original Liberty, and, by the Establishment of a new Legislative (such as they shall think fit) provide for their own Safety and Security, which is the end for which they are in Society."
This evil mess has already been dealt with, and a solution has already been created. It's called the Constitution and a Bill of Rights. But, like any code, someone has hacked into it, and what is needed are a few code updates ... to strengthen the original code.
The Constitution itself, in Art. 6, says "This Constitution... shall be the supreme Law of the Land, and the Judges in every State shall be bound", and continues on to say that this is so, regardless of any other law. Meaning any federal, state or local law contravening it is invalid. In the United States, the Constitution, established by the People, is deemed superior to laws established by their agents (in Congress). The greedy weaknesses of our agents in Congress, our Presidents, and all in our bureaucracy, are supposed to be bound with the Constitution.
"In questions of power, then, let no more be said of confidence in man, but bind him down from mischief by the chains of the Constitution".
How then were the agents in Congress allowed to turn fundamental laws and principles around 180-degrees? The People specifically do not allow any tax, direct or indirect, without apportionment.
Due to a lack of concern by almost every one of us over the last 200 years, an infection of ignorance has spread; very few know anything about their government, or even their rights. Our Supreme laws are still being deconstructed, by greedy agents.
Too bad... since many died to get us our rights. Now, all are guilty, and sentenced to a life of slavery.
Isn't this exactly what the Patriots that started this country warned us about? Many famous quotes can be found regarding freedom and the price that must be eternally paid to have freedom. The Founding Fathers knew that taxation was a slave control tool. (And now we have the Patriot Act, which like the name hints, actually serves to destroy our Patriots. To use a threat of war, or some type of danger in order to remove rights and start trouble is nothing new, e.g. Hitler, sinking ships, Waco, etc.). Study some history, and some news. You don't have to read too far back into history before you notice that it always repeats itself.
Learn that you are the master, the boss, and that government officials serve you.
Take a look at your Constitution. Notice that it says "We the people... do ordain."
Take a look at the Bill of Rights (Amendments):
Aren't these rights designed to protect citizens from their own government?
Of all search results for "tax" in the Constitution and Amendments - there are only 10 results in both - these are the relevant results (supreme laws) provided:
These supreme laws were written by the People in the 1780's, but then came the 16th Amendment, created by agents in Congress, in 1913.
Only 'without apportionment' is new in the 16th Amendment, but the Amendment is a 180-degree turn on "We the people." Essentially, this was a treasonous move by our agents in Congress, against us. The agents were specifically told twice before, by the People in the very first Article, that there Shall Be No Taxes without apportionment, or without Proportion to a census. This concept is so important that it occurs twice in the very first class of code, ever written.
But, even the 16th Amendment code functions Constitutionally (nevermind apportionment for a moment) if we examine what is actually declared. The code at this point does not specify beyond "incomes."
A tax on all incomes was never declared, but the specific sources are prescribed in the Code of Federal Regulations.
Even though the 16th says "from whatever source," implying every income, we know this is not a correct. Many exempt and excluded incomes do exist. (Search for "exempt" and "excluded income" in the tax regs, or search for "eliminated income".)
So, which incomes for the 16th? There should be provided a specific list of taxable items (there is, you may have just looked at it).
The tax laws and regulations, which carryout the 16th Amendment, mention the following incomes:
The 16th Amendment does not specify which incomes, but the Constitution does and makes it perfectly clear how our taxes are to be produced. The 16th Amendment can only be Constitutional, if the tax on incomes without apportionment, applies just to foreigners and foreign earned income (according to regs in Sec. 911, by the time a citizen has received foreign earned income, he's already been away long enough to be primarily a foreigner), thus keeping the previous Amendments intact and in place.
Congress always had the power to lay on whatever source, but the laws upon: who, where, when, how and what, still need to be Constitutional in construction.
In other words, the 16th Amendment added no new power to tax, which is exactly what the Supreme Court said in cases occurring shortly after the ratification in 1913 (such cases possibly occurred because the first couple of editions of tax regulations did not make it clear who, when, where, how, and what was taxed. Maybe the citizens were even told the tax was not a new tax [it won't affect you, it doesn't apply to you, etc], and for the most part that was true. It's such a familiar communist tactic in some many aspects of life.)
Not until 1918 did income tax regulations indicate that the Constitution still prevents taxing of its citizens...
"Gross income excludes the items of income specifically exempted by the statute and also certain other kinds of income by statute or fundamental law free from tax."
Fundamental Law = Constitution, Merriam-Webster OnLine, etc, etc.
Because "certain other kinds" means more than one kind, and we are told so, we should also refer to code in the Constitution. Since the tax rules are based on the Constitution, a multiple exemption that occurs, should be traceable to a code source, in both the rules and Constitution. Only "Indians not taxed" is obvious in the Constitution. But, it must have something else to say that is essential to the matter if there are indeed "certain other kinds" exempted. It must be more carefully examined. See A Visual.
Another interesting historical sidenote: notice that 1918 regulations clearly show the following, but won't make the same statement for any other taxpayer:
Art. 6. The following items should not be included as gross income:
Even though it appears to be saying so, the code in the 16th Amendment never meant "all incomes" ('income' is not equal to 'all income') and cannot be implemented consistently with fundamental requirements in the Constitution unless applicable only to foreigners and foreign earned income.
Interestingly, the current US tax regs do fulfill the fundamental requirements of the Constitution, that our taxes be proportional to Citizens, that capitation is only allowed by census.
There are two primary problems, in terms of Code or Coding, identified in the supreme laws (Constitution):
1. Many modern law dictionaries will tell you that Capitation is simply a uniform, per person tax. However, a law dictionary written closer to the time of the making of the Constitution will tell you:
Capitation: "A poll tax; an imposition which is yearly laid on each person according to his estate and ability."
This isn't regarding a voting tax. A poll (or head) tax is a per head tax, imposed at so much a head, but would vary according to your estate and ability. However, the supreme laws of the Constitution clearly state "No Capitation... unless in Proportion to the Census."
Under our current condition, the more success we work towards, the more we are burdened with a greater percentage of our time and effort, and the more our labor is taken from us. It seems like such a nightmare that surely this is why one of the first tax laws written says "No Capitation... unless in Proportion," yet we are already living the nightmare, happily.
A tax, which is paid for according to our estate and ability, like the income-generating ability of a US citizen is completely against the fundamental law. It's such a fundamental - that it's located in Article 1, the grand-daddy class of code.
The income tax is punishing the ambitious (some say, harder working) among us, and is harming the better economy that typically goes along with their hard work.
Why would government officials want to harm the ambitious American citizens by demanding an increasing percentage of labor, their wealth?
"Wealth is the product of industry, ambition, character and untiring effort. In all experience, the accumulation of wealth means the multiplication of schools, the increase of knowledge, the dissemination of intelligence, the encouragement of science, the broadening of outlook, the expansion of liberty, the widening of culture."
Because the Constitution specifically prohibits unequal payments to produce tax revenues, the 16th Amendment could only be Constitutional if applied just to foreigners and foreign earned incomes, even from whatever source, which is exactly how the current tax laws and regulations are encoded.
2. Taxes on incomes, without apportionment or Proportion to Census?
"Without apportionment" in the 16th Amendment, by itself, is contradicting the Constitution. It says specifically twice before, that apportionment, or Proportion is required for taxes (assuming either - indirect or direct tax - since indirect is not even mentioned).
Notice that "taxes on incomes...whatever source" does not necessarily mean it applies for everyone. It is not the same result, as it is when later, we are told that "all citizens" are subject to the tax, even though an implication seems to be present. Why? The tax regulations which do carryout the 16th Amendment, and do explain to US citizens; how, who, when, where, and what is taxed, tell us "whatever source... unless excluded." Then, they immediately tell us that "more common items ... are ... excluded from gross income entirely." [CFR Sec. 61(b)]. Then, the US tax regulations provide the list of items of income that are taxable income, a conclusion, which can be reached in many ways, e.g. by finding the Scope of taxable income, or a search for excluded income, and eliminated income, or use boolean to get more specific.
If older tax regulations, those beginning in 1918, used to clearly tell us "Gross income excludes... certain other kinds of income by... fundamental law free from tax" - Art. 71, somewhere, there exists "certain other kinds of income... free from tax".
It's interesting to note that the current tax regulations DO comply with the Constitutional requirement of No Capitation without proportion to a Census, and of taxes on [certain] incomes... without apportionment.
The list of the items of taxable income is given to US citizens in 26 CFR Sec. 861-8T(d)(2)(iii). It demonstrates that "without apportionment" could only be considered Constitutional if applied just to foreigners, and foreign earned incomes, which is the end result of the laws and regulations. Foreign earned income is income for US citizens only when they are gone from the US for the required ~11 months (mentioned in 26 CFR Sec. 911-3, pointing us to Sec. 911-2(a)(2)(ii)).
To qualify for having made any foreign earned income... you must have been gone from the U.S. for a good while:
"A citizen or resident of the United States who has been physically present in a foreign country or countries for at least 330 full days during any period of twelve consecutive months."
It appears that you must be out of the US for at least 330 days in order to qualify as having made any foreign earned income. Apparently, if you leave for a long enough period of time, you effectively lose your citizenship tax benefits, and will have to pay a fee, or taxes, to the US Government in order to retain your status.
Just imagine the affect on the economy if we weren't forced to give a large(r) percentage, nevermind the fact that none of it should be taken at all, by law, unless in proportion. If we were allowed to keep all of our lawful income, the economy would explode and expand at an incredible rate. The tidalwave would travel the globe. The big fish would have competition.
The Constitution is not a living or breathing Constitution, it just is. If someone (official, or citizen) does not like the rules, they are free to leave the US at anytime. Leaving is a luxury many people around the world, such as communist slaves, do not enjoy. Be sure to tell them so (official or citizen) when they complain.
Not long ago, a frequently repeated term in America was "It's a free country." It harms us not to say it regularly.
Learn the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Repeat their names weekly. Say what they say, often and everywhere. Make sure they are taught to your kids in school. They are only words on a piece of paper, and do absolutely no good without knowing them and speaking them, often. It's a gospel.
Consider that if you don't fight the slavery, your children will have to fight it, or pay a higher percentage of slave-time.
Constantly bring such problems to the light, by exposing them.
If you already have a website or weblog, and are able, you can download and host a copy of the US tax regulations, and a copy of 'How to Search' and 'Search Results'. Feel free to re-write and host any of the information you find on WhatisTaxed.com, nothing is copyrighted and crediting is not required.
Somebody start searching the other Titles of Law. The search methods (which utilize a computer to perform text-data-mining) do not allow for misinformation to occur, so trust is not even a concern. Other people can verify what you say, so if you're full of bull, someone who can prove it will quickly call you out. And, that is a good thing, because no one is above mistakes.
Only when a critical mass knows what the Code really says, and what it doesn't, will the income tax be accurately implemented.
"Information is the oxygen of the modern age. It seeps through the walls topped by barbed wire, it wafts across the electrified borders. ... The Goliath of totalitarianism will be brought down by ... the microchip."
Information is power... use it. Teach another how to find the truth in an ocean of distractions. It's a very simple process called data-mining.
Are you wondering what some set of rules say about a particular "subject"? Data-mining applies to more than just taxes. You can easily search any large volume of text, any Title of laws, regulations, etc.
Information = power
See How to Search.
All data mining research contained herein is Copyright © 2001-2011 Zolt [at] Whatistaxed.com. Permission is hereby granted for all use, Copyleft © 2001-2011 Zolt [at] Whatistaxed.com. Many logos and images are owned by others and protected by copyright and/or trademark. We believe their use qualifies as fair use under United States copyright law.